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Philippines Yolanda Recovery Case Study

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The World Bank has partnered with EMI (Earthquakes and Megacities Initiative) to develop a Case Study on the ongoing post-Yolanda recovery effort in the Philippines. The development of the Case Study supports the ongoing initiative being undertaken by the GFDRR, the European Union (EU) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in preparing a guide of sound practices for developing a Disaster Recovery Framework (DRF).

EMI will have its field investigation on the Management of Rehabilitation and Recovery Programs, Projects and Activities (PPAs) in the Yolanda-Affected Areas on August 12-14, 2014 in Leyte, Eastern Visayas, Philippines.

The field mission includes visits to local government agencies (City Government of Tacloban and Municipal Government of Tanauan) and field offices of national government agencies (DPWH, DSWD, DTI, HUDCC/NHA, NEDA, OCD and OPARR) located in the Yolanda-affected areas. These government agencies are identified as having vital roles and responsibilities/duties and functions in rehabilitation and recovery PPAs, especially on livelihood and housing/shelter.

The main goal of the field investigation is to reach a top-down and bottom-up understandings of the management of rehabilitation and recovery PPAs in the Yolanda-affected areas by various recovery actors from government agencies (foreign, national and local), inter-governmental organizations, civil society organizations (international and local) and private organizations. These understandings will support the development of the final draft of the case study through:

  1. validation of preliminary data and information[1] gathered from the key informant interviews conducted with the main offices of national government agencies, inter-governmental organizations, civil society organizations, and private organizations;
  2. collection of additional ground data and information on the implementation of rehabilitation and recovery PPAs on livelihood and shelter/housing;
  3. processing of validated-preliminary and newly-collected data and information; and
  4. examination of disaster rehabilitation and recovery not only from the viewpoint of an outside observer (etic perspective) but more importantly within the viewpoint of the affected population (emic perspective).

Learn more about the Case Study.

[1] Specifically on legal and institutional arrangements; coordination and collaboration; resource mobilization, allocation and utilization; and monitoring and evaluation in the context of the management of Yolanda rehabilitation and recovery PPAs.

EMI, in partnership with Makati City, conducts discussion forum on the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 (RA 10121)

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EMI, in partnership with the City Government of Makati, conducted a discussion forum on the achievements, challenges, and progress on local implementation of the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 (RA 10121) on July 11, 2014 at the Makati City Session Hall, Makati City, Philippines.

More than 200 participants from the national and local government institutions, non-government organizations, academe, and private institutions joined the said forum.

The discussion forum focused on three main topics: (1) Local Experiences in Implementing RA 10121; (2) Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) Local Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation; and (3) National Government Perspective on RA 10121 Implementation.

Mr. Karl Michael Marasigan, Quezon City DRRM Council Special Assistant to the Action Officer, and Mr. Ritche Van Angeles, Pasig City DRRM Officer shared their local experiences in the implementation of RA 10121. Mr. Marasigan, in his presentation, emphasized that the cities in the National Capital Region (NCR) should serve as a role model for all cities to recover in a timely manner. Mr. Angeles, on the other hand, stressed the need for the DRRM office to be professionalized. He said, "It's about time for DRRMO to be professionalized, that if you put someone there, it's not just a political appointee, but someone with experience and competency.”

Dir. Susan Cruz, Office of Civil Defense (OCD) Regional Director, echoed Mr. Angeles’ point on professionalizing the DRRMO in her presentation on the DRRM Local Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation. "We shouldn't just put a DRRMO just for the sake of putting it in there. We need someone there who knows what to do." (Cruz, 2014)

As for the National Government Perspective on the RA 10121 Implementation, Director Carmelita Antasuda, Commission on Audit (COA) Director, Colonel Geruncio Ilagan, Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) Technical Assistant of General Manager, and Mr. Bienvenido Barbosa, Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Social Welfare Officer III, shared their inputs. Dir. Antasuda raised COA’s challenge to bring the knowledge on the circulars they are issuing to the users for the preparation of required reports. These reports are to be used to come up with the national picture of the DRRM fund. Col. Ilagan discussed the importance of knowledge, and how knowledge can save us from disasters. Lastly, Mr. Barbosa discussed how they coordinate, cooperate, and collaborate with Local Government Units (LGUs) in doing their plans.

Aside from the presentations, breakout sessions were held for the RA 10121 Self-Assessment Exercise. The exercise used the Disaster Risk Resilience Indicators (DRRI), which is a tool devised by EMI to measure the performance of Metro Manila LGUs in complying with the 10 core provisions of the RA 10121. These 10 core provisions are the following:

  1. Local DRRM Council
  2. Local DRRM Office
  3. Development of Contingency Plans
  4. Early Warning Systems
  5. Comprehensive and Integrated DRRM Plan
  6. Hazard, Vulnerability, and Risk
  7. Information, Education, and Communication
  8. Disaster Risk Reduction Actions
  9. Competent Professionals for Response and Risk Reduction (Training and Capacity Building)
  10. Disaster Operations Center

The participants were randomly divided into five (5) groups for the exercise. The exercise provided opportunities for participants to:

  1. Review, discuss, and share their experiences on the implementation of the 10 provisions in a small group environment; and
  2. Give their own “rating/score” on the performance of the Metro Manila LGUs as a whole in understanding and implementing each of the provisions.

The scores provided by the participants were compiled, and means and standard deviations were calculated for each group. An aggregated value was also provided. The outcome served as a proxy on the performance of the LGUs in the implementation of RA10121.

The scoring system was a simple one (1) to five (5) scale, where “1” indicates that essentially LGUs have done little if anything about that particular indicator; whereas “5” indicates that they have fully complied with the requirements and intent of the law. The rating “3” is average.

After the exercise, results showed that the Metro Manila LGUs as a whole scored less than three (3), with Early Warning Systems as the highest with 2.97 points, and Training and Capacity Building as the lowest with 2.12 points. These scores showed that the performance of Metro Manila LGUs is less than average, or generally needs improvement.

The discussion forum ended with the closing remarks from Atty. Eleno Mendoza Jr., Makati City Administrator and Makati DRRM Officer. He said, “The launching of IUR will surely strengthen linkages and collaboration among academicians, scientists, practitioners, researchers, and policymakers.”

EMI, in partnership with Makati City, launches the Institute for Urban Resilience

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EMI, in partnership with the City Government of Makati, launched the Institute for Urban Resilience (IUR) on July 11, 2014 at the Makati City Session Hall, Makati City, Philippines.

More than 200 participants from the national and local government institutions, non-government organizations, academe, and private institutions attended the said launching.

The participants were welcomed by Hon. Tosca Camille Puno-Ramos, one of Makati City’s Councilors. She discussed the Makati City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) system. The inaugural messages were delivered by Mr. Francis Ghesquiere, Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) Head of Secretariat, Hon. Thomas Orbos, Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) Deputy General Manager, and Dir. Romeo Fajardo, Office of Civil Defense-National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (OCD-NDRRMC) Civil Defense Deputy Administrator. In his video message, Mr. Ghesquiere said that the IUR is a great opportunity for everyone to scale up peer-to-peer learning, networking, knowledge generation, and knowledge sharing. Hon. Orbos, on the other hand, thanked EMI and IUR for helping Metro Manila aspire for a safer, more disaster resilient, and more sustainable environment. Lastly, Dir. Fajardo congratulated EMI for reaching bounds in capacity building and knowledge sharing in metropolises around the globe.

The launching is the first of IUR’s initiatives to achieve its aim to develop competent disaster risk reduction (DRR) practitioners striving for accomplishments and driving the urban resilience agenda. This mission was further stressed by Dr. Engr. Fouad Bendimerad, EMI Chairman and Executive Director in his presentation on how the IUR came about. "We need a major effort in developing people in terms of competency. We need competent professionals who will coordinate with governments and push projects, programs, and investments forward (Bendimerad, 2014)."

The launch event ended with the keynote speech of Dr. Renato Solidum, Director of the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHILVOCS), on using science and knowledge to advance DRR. He emphasized the need for people to bridge the gap between science and practice, so the relationship between scientific communities and practitioners should be strengthen.

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